Melasma Treatment and Causes

Closeup of melasma skin
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Melasma is one of these irritating treatments that women hate, and we can’t judge them. Imagine you wake up one morning and your face has acquired a brand new brown spot only because your skin has decided to produce more melanin that you need. Pigmentation disorders are different and have different reasons. Melasma is easy to spot, most often you can find this type of pigmentation on the face parts, like nose, cheeks, forehead and chin. One of the biggest reason for you to need melasma treatment is sunlight, reports Onefaceclinic, so parts of the body which are vulnerable are back and shoulders. One study shows that people who have melasma are usually women, unfortunately, men with this type of pigmentation are only 10%.

Why do I have melasma?

There is no clear answer to this question. For one fact, doctors are completely sure – melasma occurs when melanocytes produce more pigment. But why they do that is still a mystery. Another study shows that people with olive type skin or darker one are predisposed to pigmentation than Caucasian type. Specialists are certain in another thing, also – hormones are important. Sometimes women get melasma during their pregnancy. During the pregnancy, hormones are increasing and melanocytes overproduce melanin. Of course, specialists can’t make a conclusion that hormones are the biggest reason only by testing women during their pregnancy. That’s why they confirmed the theory with more tests when women receive hormone pills or birth control pills. As you may notice, all these facts prove that hormones are essential for melasma. Another thing, that scientists know for sure is that sunlight provokes skin to produce more melanin and in some cases, it becomes permanent hyperpigmentation. And the last reason but not the one with the less effect is a genetic predisposition. People which siblings have melasma are with higher risks to have it also.

pregnant woman

How can I know for sure I have melasma?

People who doubt that they have melasma should consult with a specialist. They will have a visual examination and biopsy. Sometimes only visual examination is enough for the dermatologist to define the type of the pigmentation. However, only a specialist might distinguish different type of pigmentation and might recommend the right treatment. Melasma treatment is not as painful as more people think it is.

What are melasma treatments?

In some cases, during pregnancy or while taking birth pills, melasma vanishes. Pregnant women don’t have to worry because soon after they give birth pigmentation spots disappear. Some people, though, are not lucky and have to look for a treatment. The first method able to confront with melasma pigmentation is hydroquinone creams – they whiten the colour of the skin so this area no longer looks brownish. Another option for lightening these annoying spots is corticosteroids creams but they have a lot of disadvantage so most people avoid them. Triple creams are special cosmetic creams that contain corticosteroids, hydroquinone and tretinoin.

Cosmetic procedures for melasma treatment in OneFaceClinic are a lot but some of them might provoke side effects or additional skin troubles. Consulting with a specialist before having one of them is essential. One of these treatments is microdermabrasion, which is a new method for face cleaning and renovation. Unlikely, chemical peel, microdermabrasion don’t peel but also inject vitamins and nutrients in the skin. However, a chemical peel can help with melasma, also. Another 2 treatments that specialists recommend for removing pigmentation are laser treatment and light therapy. Both of them have a significant effect and pigmentation spots could be removed permanently.

Is it possible to avoid melasma before appearing?

If you have doubts that your skin is predisposed then the best thing you can do is to use a sunscreen every time you are going outside and it is sunny. Skin protection is the number one thing you should have in mind daily. At least this one is in your hands because genetic predisposition and hormones aren’t.